Not all workplace injuries are the same. And while any and all risks or hazards that may be present in any work setting should be correctly identified to be able to set proper prevention or mitigation plans, it is also important to keep in mind the extent of consequences and severity of any injury that can be present.
You can find a guide on incident and near loss reporting here.
Work place injuries can be classified according to their severity and their impact on the workflow of your organization. There most common classifications are:
First Aid Injury
These are low severity injuries that are treated through first aid intervention and don’t require immediate medical assistance as long as the person performing the first aid is trained and aware of the procedures. Common examples include scratches, cuts, minor burns, bruising, etc.
First aid injuries don’t affect workflow and the person involved can resume work normally without further delay.
Lost Time Injury (LTI)
These are higher severity injuries resulting in time off of work, a permanent disability, or a fatality.
Medical Treatment Injury (MTI)
These are injuries that require more extensive treatment from a medical physician beyond the scope first aid. Examples of which are prescription medications, stitching, surgical procedures, treating bone fractures or higher degree burns. MTIs may also require hospital administration.
Restricted Work Injury (RWI)
These are injuries that allow the individual involved to work with some restrictions for a defined period of time. Examples include transferal to a temporary or part-time position or with less demanding duties, or carrying out certain tasks of the regular job and not all the standard duties.